Grammar is a basis of any language. Let's see what you need to learn in grammar of Russian language. The concept of "grammar" means a system of rules, governing the entire language structure. This science covers all areas of language use, including pronunciation and structure, as well as the Russian language history, all its acceptable forms of speaking and writing.
Of course, in Russian there is a set of vary rules and exceptions from them. Do not be scared or surrender in the face of difficulties: all rules are divided into several major groups. In addition, you just need to repeat them more often and your further acquaintance with the Russian language will continue easily and naturally.
Right here, in short form, we give you all the main sections of Russian grammar. Scroll down the page and read carefully about each section and then you can click on links for much more detailed grammar explanations. In addition, you can even print out each of our lessons and to access them offline, when you’ll have enough time. It would be wonderful to collect an entire folder of materials with all our lessons, where you could make your own notes or any additional training information. In this approach your Russian will progress much faster.
It is very important to form habits of accurate and correct pronunciation from the very beginning. Please, see the page with the Russian alphabet, adopt it carefully and do not spare time to reprint it. Thus, you will form the basis of correct pronunciation, carefully working at each letter and sound of the Russian language. Remember that in certain circumstances there are significant changes in the pronunciation of some letters and even their combinations.
To learn about these important rules of pronunciation go on the link, please. Information, submitted here, will explain you also the language phonetics (i.e. how namely words sound). Use this information on our site and improve your ability of correct pronunciation of almost all words of this rather difficult but beautiful language.
I propose to start our lessons on grammar with the easiest things - numbers. In this section there are not too much rules - you should just remember the Russian numbering system. Carefully monitor your pronunciation by our guidance - it will greatly help you to speak correctly.
In the Russian language, like all other languages, two number systems are used. The first system - regular numbers (as they say, cardinal numbers) that apply just to count a certain amount. The second system includes ordinal numbers. They are used to denote the sequence numbers; very often they are used for date enumeration (for example, months or numbers in them: January 1, January 2 and so on).
Pronouns are a part of speech that people like to use to replace nouns or other pronouns. Replacement is needed to simplify the speech and especially to avoid word recurrence. The English contains the pronouns "he/she", "it", and not less frequently used "you", "they" or "me." Look at our list of common pronouns used by Russians in everyday life and literature.
The part of speech "noun" is used to denote a thing. Such "thing" can be a human or animal and also a place, object or even an abstract idea. Pay special attention that in Russian language noun are inherent in such a notion as "gender". Thus, all nouns are divided into three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. Of course, this notion is often found in other languages too, but in English, as you know, such things are rarely used.
In connection with the above-mentioned circumstance you need to learn a gender of nouns and how to determine it so that you could correctly form the endings of words, related to a specific noun. Do not worry - there are some pretty simple rules in the Russian language: having studied them, you’ll be able to distinguish the gender of a noun easily.
This section presents King of the entire grammar - his Majesty "Verb". Pay particular attention to it because this subject is extremely important. This grammatical term describes the action that produces object or person or is produced over the object or person. Verbs give sense to the narrative; namely they help us to understand what is going on. If you want to significantly improve your Russian language you should learn as much as possible verbs, including methods of their use. To get acquainted with the Russian verbs closer, please go on the link, please.
Now, when you have a good basic training regarding the use of Russian verbs, you should continue to engage with the following educational materials:
These pages contain materials with lists of relevant Russian verbs. Yes, and be sure to use our list that includes hundreds of the most important Russian verbs. If you find it hard to tell the difference between the verbs of perfect or imperfect type, then return to the section "Verbs" and re-read it carefully.
This section is dedicated to a very hard for an English-speaking person concept of Russian grammar - "Case". Despite on the complexity of this topic, after studying it you'll be thankful that have studied it, because it will much facilitate your process of understanding of real, live Russian language! And so, why is it so important to adopt the Russian language cases perfectly and what would it give? The fact is that English language is very different from the Russian one by strict word order in a sentence.
This is understandable, otherwise how would we know who is doing and what namely, whom to and why? In the Russian language (and not only there, but in others as well) this order is not so important, because just cases set all the words order for you! Cases define certain ending of words and namely these endings show us who, what and to whom is doing! What can we advise you? Just try to be patient for a while to learn every Russian case very well.
First of all, you should start with a repetition of the materials, linking above. Then, thoroughly preparing for a detailed consideration of each particular occasion, continue to study each of the following cases:
I want you to finish our Russian grammar lessons on a nice wave. Once you've learned such difficult Russian cases, you can just stop worrying about the structure of any sentence! If you have mastered them not enough - just go back to them more often and your progress will be provided. Case endings, learned by you, bring to the Russian sentence perfect sense. And this, agree, is your main task!